Resistance Research is simply, researching in a way that resists traditional power structures, assumptions and often Western hegemony. In essence, it is the incorporation of EDI principles and social justice into your work.
Conducting your research in an open-minded and inclusive manner, allowing for your own biases, recognising the biases of your sources, and ensuring you include all relevant perspectives and voices, from a variety of platforms, is at the core of Resistance Research.
From how you search for and find materials, to analysis and citation, this guide will give you an introduction and guidance on completing your work in an inclusive, equitable and sustainable way.
We want you to learn how to proactively seek multiple perspectives in information gathering and how to resist privileging dominant voices by engaging in a practice of inclusive citation.
What is Inclusive Referencing?
Inclusive referencing is the practice of including different voices and perspectives in your research. It prioritises investigating, and where relevant including, non-dominant voices, and emphasises the importance of including voices and perspectives from the group you are looking at and/or groups affected by the topic. Different and in particular, non-dominant voices can bring valuable new insights and perspectives, allowing you to take your research in new directions. Inclusive referencing also shows that you have committed to deep research in to your topic.
What can you do?
Most of us – at least initially – search for, interpret and use information in a way that confirms our own beliefs. This is known as confirmation bias. It’s effect is most strong when the researcher has an emotional attachment to the subject and can often be seen in matters of race, religion and gender politics.
However, 'true' research and learning means finding and using sources for their authority on and relevance to a subject, regardless of whether you agree with them.
To help you move away from your own biases and find new and sometimes challenging perspectives, here are some practical tips:
Identify your emotions:
Identify the facts of the topic:
Identify unbiased resources:
Finding and using resources from different voices and communities can be challenging, but will also bring your new insights and perspectives. It can be difficult at first, to assess the validity and authority of a new voice or perspective, but this Stanford guide is a useful tool to help you assess different arguments.